If you are travelling to or in Australia it is important to know and understand that the snakes of Australia are the most venomous in the world. Eastern brown snakes or Pseudonja Textilis are considered to be the second most venomous snake on the planet. Eastern Brown snakes are the cause of most snakebite deaths in Australia, however with the advent of anti-venom, there are usually only 2 deaths per year. These generally occur because people can’t identify them and don’t know the proper first aid procedures for a snake bite. This blog will explain all you need to know to safely travel Australia without the worry of a eastern brown snake bite. These snakes can be up to 2 metres in lengths, have a slender body and move incredibly fast. They are generally found throughout the whole eastern side of Australia, from coast to desert to bushlands. They prefer grassy areas and pastures. Their colour ranges from tan to grey to dark brown, but almost all have a cream to yellow underbelly. Their venom contains neurotoxins which cause paralysis or muscle weakness, the venom also affects the blood’s ability to clot, therefore, snakebite victims are at risk of bleeding to death. If you come across this snake it is best to keep still and let it move away from you. Brown snakes can be increasingly aggressive if they feel threatened. In the case of an actual snake bite, follow this handy guide for first aid:
1. Pressure bandage the limb and surrounding area.
2. Immobilise and splint the limb.
3. Note the time of bite.
4. Call an ambulance. If at all possible it is best not to wash venom off the skin as this will make identifying the snake that much easier. Happy travels and be safe!